Romanesco broccoli is a variety of broccoli (Brassica oleracea var. Italica). The broccoli fall into the group of plants whose leaves are not eaten but the inflorescences which are not yet ripe. This broccoli is known throughout the Roman countryside for some time. In 1834 Giuseppe Gioacchino Belli, one of the best known and most important Roman poets together with Trilussa, in his sonnet “Er Testamento Der Pasqualino” calls the Ortolan “Torzetto” because he cultivated and sold Roman broccoli. The Romanesco broccoli resembles a cauliflower, but it is light green, has a pyramidal shape and many small spiral-shaped rosettes, rosettes that reproduce the main shape and are repeated regularly. Each rosette is composed of several smaller rosettes. The shape is interesting because it shows a fractal appearance. In fact the inflorescence has a pyramidal shape and along a spiral the same pyramidal shape is repeated smaller and so on for a certain number of levels (self-similarity). Romanesco broccoli is rich in antioxidants and vitamin C.

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